Gum recession is when the margin of the gum tissue that surrounds the teeth wears away, or pulls back, exposing more of the tooth, or the tooth’s root. When gum recession occurs, pockets or gaps, form between the teeth and gum line, making it easy for disease-causing bacteria to build up. If left untreated, the supporting tissue and bone structures of the teeth can be severely damaged, and may ultimately result in tooth loss.
Gum recession is a common dental problem. Most people don’t know they have gum recession because it occurs gradually. The first sign of gum recession is usually tooth sensitivity, or you may notice a tooth looks longer than normal. Typically, a notch can be felt near the gum line.
Gum recession is not something you want to ignore. If you think your gums are receding, make an appointment with your dentist. There are treatments that can repair the gum and prevent further damage.
There are a number of reasons that your gums may be receding. Gum recession typically occurs when gingival tissues creeps down your tooth, exposing the root which makes your tooth looks taller. If your gums have started to recede a thin layer of dentin is exposed, making teeth prone to sensitivity, staining and tooth decay. Some of the most common factors in gum recession include:
Periodontal Disease- More commonly known as gum disease, is bacterial infection that destroys gum tissue and the supporting bone that holds your teeth in place. Gum disease is the main cause of gum recession and can also results in tooth loss.
Aggressive Tooth Brushing- Not many know this, but breathing your teeth to hard or the wrong way can also cause gums your to recede. Brushing to aggressively the wrong way can cause the enamel to wear as well as cause the sensitive gum tissues to recede.
Genes- In some cases people whose parents had chronic gum recession can be more susceptible to receding gums. Studies have even shown that 30% of the population may be subject to gum disease, no matter how well you keep care of your teeth.
Tobacco Use- Smoking and chewing tobacco can cause significant gum recession as well as gum disease. Smoking tobacco causes the gum tissues to lose blood supplies, allowing for infection. Chewing tobacco physically irritates the tissue due to the materials, this ongoing irritation can result in gum recession in the area where the tobacco if help or moved around.
Lack of Dental Care- Not keeping up with a normal dental routine can cause several problems. Receding gums can be a result of untreated cavities, postponed cleanings, and persistent gum problems.
Piercings of the Tongue or Lip- Constant irritation of the gums from a lip or tongue piecing can cause for the gum to recede. You may not feel the piercing is uncomfortable, but repetitive rubbing against the soft tissues will result in tissue damage.
Hormonal Changes- Changes in the female hormone levels during a woman’s lifetime, such as events like puberty, pregnancy or menopause. These can all cause for gum sensitivity or gum recession.
Misaligned Teeth- When teeth are not aligned evenly it can cause too much force on your gums and bones. Usually, it’s only the few crooked teeth that are susceptible to gum recession. Crooked teeth can also get more plaque buildup they’re more difficult to clean, which can cause gingivitis.
There are a few ways to approach the treatment of receding gums, surgical and nonsurgical; each one depends on your individual case. Mild gum recession can be treated with a deep cleaning of the affected areas. As for the more extreme cases, gum surgery may be required.
If you have any questions or want to schedule a visit for more information on gum recession, call at Andrew Weber DDS at 210-496-5603 or visit our website atperiodontistsanantonio.com or excellentperiodontist.com.